In 2005, Utah had a household population of 2.4 million equally distributed among women and men. The overall median age was 28.5 years. Thirty percent of the total population was under 18 years and 8 percent was 65 years and older. In 2005, the United States had a household population of 288.4 million 51% females and 49% males. The overall median age was 36.4 years. Twenty-five percent of the total population was under 18 years and 12% was 65 years and older. Based on the total 2005 female population in Utah the distribution was 25.2% for age birth-14, 46.3% for the reproductive ages of 15-44 and 28.5% of women over 44 years of age. The U.S. distribution tended toward an older population with only 20.1% age birth-14, 41.1% reproductive age and 38.8% over 44 years of age.
The overall racial distribution among Utah women is White (93.8%), Asian (2.0%), American Indian/Alaska Native (1.3%), two or more races (1.3%), Black or African American (0.9%) and Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander (0.7%). The overall racial distribution among U.S. women is White (74.3%), Black or African American (12.8%), Asian (4.4%), two or more races (1.9%), American Indian/Alaska Native (0.8%) and Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander (0.1%). Women of Hispanic origin make up 10.1% all females in Utah and 13.9% nationally.
The percent of Utah women over age 17 with less than a high school education was 10.3%. The rate for high school graduation (which includes equivalency) was 28.5%, some collage 39.6% and Bachelor’s degree or higher was 21.6%. Of the women with at least a Bachelor’s degree or higher, 23.3% had a graduate or professional degree in Utah compared to 33.8% nationally. Educational attainment in the U.S. was 15.6% for less than high school, 30.2% for high school graduation, 29.9% for some college and 24.3% for a Bachelor’s degree or higher. Utah appears to have a much larger proportion of females with some college but the rates drop when compared to the U.S. in obtaining a least a Bachelor’s degree or higher.
Utah’s average household size was 3.1 people, compared to 2.6 in the U.S. Families made up 75% of the households in Utah. This figure includes both married-couple families (62%) and other families (13%). Nonfamily households made up 25% of all households in Utah, comprised mostly of people living alone. Female householders with no husband present made up 69% of the ‘other family’ category which included non-married households. In the U.S., families made up 67% of the households which included both married-couple families (50%) and other families (17%). Other families with a female householder made up a larger proportion for the U.S. at 73%.
Marriage and Divorce
Marriage and divorce rates are the number of marriages or divorces per 1,000 persons in the population. The marriage rate was 9.6 compared to 7.4 for the U.S. There were 58.5% of females 15 years and over that were married in Utah compared to 51.0% in the U.S. Slightly fewer single females, never married, were found in Utah (24.5% vs. 25.5%). Utah also had fewer divorced females than the U.S., 10.0% in Utah compared to 11.5% nationally. Utah’s 2004 divorce rate was similar to that found in the U.S. (4.0 vs. 3.7).
The median annual household income in the past 12 months (inflation adjusted dollars) for Utah in 2005 was $47,934 compared to $46,242 in the U.S. Utah’s median household income has generally kept pace with that in the U.S. because Utah’s households are larger and the per capita income in Utah is lower than the U.S. ($20,814 vs. $25,035). For females over the age of 14 working within the past year the median income was lower for Utahns ($14,969 vs. $18,651).
Poverty takes into account both income and family size, and has both immediate and long-lasting effects on health. Income provides an assessment of the financial resources available to individual persons or families for basic necessities (e.g., food, clothing, and health care) to maintain or improve their well-being. Ten percent of Utahns were living in poverty. Eight percent of all families and 25% of families with a female head of household with no husband present had incomes below the poverty level. Females living at or below the federal poverty level in Utah were highest among the 18-34 year age group at 43.0%. Females under 18 years of age comprised 28.3% of females living below poverty while there were 22.0% of the 35-64 year old age group living in poverty and the lowest rate was among 65+ year old females (6.7%). The U.S. rates for females living in poverty by age group were not the same as Utahns. There were 30.5% under age 18, 30.1% age 18-34, 28.5% age 35-64 and 11.0% over age 64.
- U.S. Census Bureau, 2005 American Community Survey accessed 1/11/07 from http://factfinder.census.gov.
- Marriage and Divorce, Population Characteristics (Education, Income and Poverty) Retrieved on 1/11/07 from Utah Department of Health, Center for Health Data, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health website: http://ibis.health.utah.gov/.