Hidden Women: Unmet Medical Needs of Utah’s Incarcerated Women

Problem Statement In this commentary we will outline the unique health needs of Utah’s imprisoned female population, including the need to address cervical and breast cancer, age-related illness, substance abuse, and heart disease. We highlight that incarcerated women experience higher rates of substance abuse, physical and sexual assault, and trauma than their non-incarcerated counterparts, leading …

The Impact of Socioeconomic Status on Women’s Physical Health

Problem Statement The relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and women’s physical health warrants further study, particularly through a social work lens. SES is determined by more than income; SES is also influenced by one’s level of education, individual perceptions of social standings, and overall financial security. A lower SES increases the likelihood that one will …

Obesity and Mental Health

Problem Statement The prevalence of obesity in the United States has increased from 30.5% to 42.4% among adults over the past twenty years.1 Although obesity has an impact on health regardless of gender, some disparities exist. Rates of obesity are similar among men and women; however, stroke risk associated with obesity has remained stagnant in …

Extreme Risk Protective Orders and Reducing Intimate Partner Homicides

Problem Statement Domestic violence (DV) and intimate partner violence (IPV) range from physical, emotional, sexual, mental, and verbal abuse from either a person in the same domestic household of a person or a person who wants to be intimate with another person. DV and IPV can have lasting consequences on a woman’s health, including emotional …

Gender and Surgical Provider Role Differences in Opioid Prescribing Practices among Different Patient Populations

Abstract Background: Patients living in rural communities and patients with a cancer diagnosis are two populations potentially overlooked in opioid prescribing clinical decision making that may relate to the amount of overprescribed opioids in the post-surgical environment. Provider gender, surgical role, attitudes and knowledge may affect prescribing practices for these at-risk populations, but little research …

Title IX and Its Impact After 40 Years: Understanding Physical Activity Perspectives of Adolescent Girls

Abstract Objective: Despite increases in sport participation among girls since the passing of Title IX legislation, girls still tend to have lower physical activity in comparison to boys. The aim of this pilot study was to better understand perspectives of adolescent girls about physical activity.  Methods: Ten girls aged 13 to 17 years were invited …

The Association Between Preconception Body Mass Index and Subfertility Among Hispanic and non-Hispanic Women: A Cross-Sectional Study from Utah’s Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System Survey (2012–2015)

Abstract Objective: To investigate the association between pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and subfertility within a population-based cohort, exploring Hispanic ethnicity as a potential effect modifier. Methods: We used cross-sectional study data from the Utah Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System from 2012–2015. Relationships between maternal pre-pregnancy BMI and subfertility were evaluated via Poisson regression models …